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The Inner Athletics Stress Model (Higgins, 2018) illustrates the stages of positive and negative forms of stress. Through engaging character strengths, and learning how to manage positive and negative emotions and experiences, we can learn to navigate stressful situations and periods of uncertainty and transition with more ease.


The Stress Model introduces concepts of balance, harmony, and flow as a way to manage and direct and re-direct energy towards a more positive outcome over time. This involves an engagement of cognition and emotion, and embodied learning. Breaking patterns of negative stress is ultimately a kinaesthetic process.

The Inner Athletics Performance Model (Higgins, 2018) blends the benefits of physical practices with hope-oriented strategies and goals, and skills-based interventions. It provides a framework for "working out" everyday stress, and "working in" resilience. It also explores 8 character strengths from Positive Psychology. 

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The Inner Athletics Stress Management Model (Higgins 2018) blends cognitive practices with internal and external factors that can influence stress. It offers a model for resolving everyday stressors that may lead to unhealthy habits and low motivation in the long-term. It also explores 8 character strengths from Positive Psychology.

The Inner Athletics Recovery Model (Higgins, 2018) blends wellbeing practices with healing and growth. It encourages slowing down to re-balance and replenish the mind, body, and spirit as both a seasonal retreat and a response to prolonged periods of stress. It also explores 8 character strengths from Positive Psychology.

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